For many it is a true morning ritual, perhaps also repeated during the day. Making coffee with the moka pot is an art practised every day by many people who refuse to forego its characteristic gurgling sound and the wonderful aroma that pervades the air.
The moka pot is an ingenious Italian invention from the 1930s which owes its name to the Mokha area in Yemen, famous for the goodness of its coffee beans. It might seem easy to make a good coffee with this little machine: after all, there are only two ingredients, water and ground coffee. But it’s not quite that simple: how many times have you found yourself sipping a terrible espresso?
How to make espresso with the moka pot: a step-by-step guide
So let’s find out how to make the perfect espresso coffee with Italy’s favourite little coffee machine, step by step:
- Fill the base full of cold water up to the valve.
- Then fill the filter with the powdered coffee blend, and add a little more to form a small mound if you like your coffee strong.
- Now you can screw on the top and put the moka pot on the hob, at a low heat.
- As soon as the coffee comes out and you hear the characteristic gurgling noise, turn the heat off.
- Wait a moment before pouring the coffee in your cup, first stirring it with a teaspoon while it is still in the moka pot.
The secrets for a perfect espresso made with the moka pot
So now you know how to make a coffee using the moka pot. But you also need to bear in mind some essential tips if you want to savour a perfect espresso:
- Use a well-used moka pot. Brand new ones never produce a good coffee.
- Keep an eye on the filter and seal: they need to be changed as soon as they show signs of wear.
- Do not fill the base fuller than the level of the valve when adding the water otherwise your coffee will be diluted.
- Use cold water containing small amounts of limescale.
- Never press down hard on the powdered coffee in the moka pot because this will make extraction difficult.
- Only use a low, constant heat, so that all the aromas of the blend are extracted slowly.
- Is the moka pot spluttering? Take it off the heat to prevent the coffee from burning.
- Stirring the coffee while still in the moka pot enables the denser part – which comes out first- to mix with the lighter one.
How to recognise a good coffee
Have you made a good moka? Let’s learn how to tell whether you’ve made a good coffee before the cup even touches your lips.
First of all, consider the scent. If you smell a delicious aroma, the chances are that you’ve hit the nail on the head. And appearances matter too: observe the colour, from when the machine is still on the heat. The coffee that comes out first should be very dark, then the colour should change and turn a lighter shade of brown. When you pour it into the cup, if the liquid is transparent, it means that you’ve added too much water.
And last but not least, the one secret that will ensure you never fail: use a good coffee! It might seem obvious, but it’s far from it: you can only make a top coffee if you use high quality moka blends. There’s no other way!