Most of the time, when we order a coffee at the bar or prepare an espresso at home, we never stop and wonder what type of coffee we are drinking. But coffee is not just coffee: there are many different varieties, with a wide range of diverse tastes and aromatic profiles.
In fact, there are over 60 species of coffee, but only 4 of these are used to make the blends we use every day. More specifically, almost all the coffee we consume on a daily basis is made with two varieties: Arabica (commonly considered the finest bean) and Robusta (known for being the “strongest” one).
To help you understand in detail what you are drinking, here is a short guide that will familiarise you with all the most important factors that characterise Arabica coffee.
Arabica: the finest coffee around
There must be some reason why Arabica is the most precious and widely cultivated variety of coffee in the world. Indeed, its plant is very delicate and needs to grow at an altitude of between 600 and 2000 metres (the higher up it grows the better), and experience regular rainfalls. The rains are the elements that establish just how fast the plant will grow: each time the heavens open up, new flowers begin to blossom. So we can often find flowers that have just blossomed, green buds and other riper ones on the same plant.
This is why Arabica coffee is now grown all along the tropical Equatorial strip, even if it originated in Ethiopia. It is hardly surprising then that the biggest producers of this variety are the regions of central and south American and certain areas of Africa and Asia.
But what distinguishes Arabica from other types of coffee?
- Taste and scent. Arabica beans present a rich, highly fragrant aroma, which is slightly sweet and sour;
- Caffeine. These beans contain less caffeine than other varieties, such as, for example Robusta;
- Shape. Arabica beans are elongated and ovoid, with a rather shallow sinuous furrow;
- A matter of chromosomes. This type of coffee contains more chromosomes than all the others, no less than 44;
- Delicacy. Arabica is the most delicate coffee variety of all. This is why it must be handled using very precise processes, roasting times and temperatures;
Now that you know how to tell a good Arabica bean when you see one, all that’s left for you to so is to taste it. Introducing you to our fine 100% Arabica blend, a blend of single origin coffees roasted individually to enhance every last aromatic note in every single bean.