When we talk about 100% Arabica, it means that the coffee is composed of only one variety, that is, the one coming from Coffea Arabica, the most delicate plant of Coffea Robusta and one of the most popular. To be completely precise, a 100% Arabica coffee can be single origin or blended, but in both cases it remains a pure Arabica coffee to all intents and purposes.
At this point, it is good to clarify the concept of “blend“, i.e. the combination of different coffee varieties, distinguished according to quality and origin. A 100% Arabica blend is composed of different Arabica varieties, whereas an Arabica coffee that is not a blend is made from only one Arabica variety of the same origin.
Generally, blends serve to balance the different characteristics of coffee variants, and Arabica is no exception. In its case, for example, the most popular blend is that with Robusta, which contains more caffeine and is more intense and creamy. The combination of Arabica and Robusta facets, skilfully calibrated, results in an exceptional coffee, which can be compared to a small work of art and which has always been very popular with connoisseurs of quality coffee.
Both Arabica and Robusta are the most widely used coffee varieties in the production of the drink. They have different characteristics because they come from different plants: the former is much sweeter and more delicate, as well as more acidic, than the latter because it contains less caffeine but, when mixed, they create a truly unparalleled blend.
Furthermore, there is a tendency to think that the Arabica variant is the best and tastes the best. Making this a universal fact tends to be wrong, considering what has been said so far: Arabica versions are all different and their value depends on quality and origin. When buying, therefore, it is always best to check these two facts and make sure they correspond to what you are really looking for.